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Gas Bottle Sizes

Elgas has your LPG gas storage needs covered. From small 4kg and 9kg Swap ‘N’ Go refill bottles for camping and BBQs to large 210kg cylinders delivered to your home or business in Australia, Elgas has the service and prices you’re looking for.

LPG Gas Bottle Sizes – LPG Gas Cylinder Sizes – LPG Gas Bottles for Home: 210kg, 90kg & 45kg Gas Bottle

LPG gas bottles sizes for home (LPG gas cylinder sizes) are grouped by gas bottle sizes, specifications, and applications.

♦ LPG gas bottle sizes for home (propane gas bottle sizes) specifications: 210kg, 90kg & 45kg gas bottle dimensions, gas bottle sizes-gas cylinder sizes, gas cylinder dimensions & cylinder capacity.

Industrial LPG Cylinder – LPG Gas Bottle Sizes – LPG Tank Sizes: Larger LPG tank sizes from 0.5 tonnes up to 50 tonnes and larger. A good conversion rate to remember for cylinder capacity is that 1 kilogram is approximately equal to 1.96 litre of LPG.

Forklift Gas Bottle – Forklift Gas for LPG Forklift: Forklift Gas Bottle Sizes (LPG gas cylinder sizes) specifications: 15kg and 18kg gas bottle sizes- gas cylinder sizes , gas bottle dimensions & cylinder capacity.

BBQ Gas Bottle for BBQ Gas Refill – BBQ Gas Bottle Sizes (propane gas bottle sizes) specifications: 4kg* and 9kg gas bottle dimensions & cylinder capacity.

Is LPG bottled gas?

Bottled gas is a flammable hydrocarbon gas liquefied through pressure and stored in gas bottles or gas cylinders. LPG is also called bottled gas, along with propane, butane and mixtures of these gases. There is no Argon gas contained in gas cylinders. Bottled gas comes from natural gas processing and oil refining. Bottled gas is stored in LPG bottles, cylinders or larger vessels and is used for heating, hot water, cooking, auto fuel and other applications.

Domestic gas bottle sizes, gas bottle dimensions, LPG gas cylinder sizes and volumes

LPG gas cylinder sizes and volumes (LPG gas bottle sizes), 45kg gas bottle dimensions, 90 kg gas bottle dimensions, 210 kg gas bottle dimensions, cylinder capacity, domestic LPG gas cylinder weight, empty gas cylinder weight, full gas cylinder weight, domestic LPG gas cylinder dimensions, LPG cylinder capacity in litres, LPG cylinder height, cylinder diameter and LPG energy content chart. All are included in the following gas cylinder sizes and volumes (cylinder capacity) chart:

Gas Bottle Dimensions & LPG Cylinder Sizes

The following chart contains gas bottle dimensions for the three most common LPG gas bottles sizes for home use. The LPG cylinder capacity generally refers to the volume of an LPG cylinder, so litres is the more technically correct terminology.

Domestic LPG Gas Bottle Sizes-Dimensions – LPG Gas Cylinder Sizes –
210kg, 90 kg Gas Bottle & 45kg Gas Bottle Dimensions
 
Gas Cylinder-Bottle Dimensions 45kg Gas Bottle Size-Gas Cylinder Sizes 90 kg Gas Bottle Size-Gas Cylinder Sizes 210kg LPG Gas Bottle Sizes-Gas Cylinder Sizes
Diameter 375 mm 510 mm 765 mm
Height 1250 mm 1380 mm 1460 mm
Capacity 88L 176L 411L
Tare Wt 33 kg 65 kg 140 kg
Full Wt 78 kg 155 kg 350 kg
Energy 2205MJ 4410MJ 10,290MJ
Copyright © 2013 Elgas Ltd.

 

LPG gas bottle sizes (LPG bottle sizes), dimensions and domestic gas cylinder weight shown are approximate. Actual LPG gas bottle sizes (LPG gas cylinder sizes), cylinder capacity & gas bottle dimensions may vary by manufacturer, as there are no standard gas bottle sizes (propane bottle sizes).

This page looks at LPG gas bottle sizes (LPG bottle sizes), gas bottle dimensions, cylinder capacity, domestic gas cylinder weight, propane gas bottle sizes & specifications, which are for 210kg, 90 kg gas bottle and 45kg gas bottle dimensions and gas bottle sizes Australia (LP gas bottles sizes).

Please see illustrated LPG gas bottle sizes (LPG gas cylinder sizes), cylinder capacity & gas bottle dimensions chart with gas cylinder sizes and volumes (propane gas bottle sizes) below.

We also offer local, safe & reliable 45kg gas bottle refill – bottled gas supply options for your home.

*Actual fill of a “9kg” LPG gas bottle size refill is 8.5kg. Actual fill of a “4kg” LPG gas bottle size refill is 3.7kg

Cylinder capacity

Cylinder capacity is generally expressed in litres, similar to water capacity, or kilograms. The cylinder capacity generally refers to the volume of a cylinder. A good conversion rate to remember for cylinder capacity is that 1 kilogram is approximately equal to 1.96 litre of LPG.

The formula to calculate cylinder capacity is the formula for cylinder volume. Cylinder capacity volume = πr²h

However, because of the LPG 20% allowance for ullage, you must subtract 20% from the overall cylinder volume. So, the formula changes for LPG: LPG cylinder capacity volume = (πr²h)×.80

Cylinder Capacity Type 45kg Gas Bottle Size-Gas Cylinder Sizes 90 kg Gas Bottle Size-Gas Cylinder Sizes 210kg LPG Gas Bottle Sizes-Gas Cylinder Sizes
Capacity 88L 176L 411L
Weight 45kg 90kg 210kg
Full Wt 78 kg 155 kg 350 kg
Copyright © 2013-2019 Elgas Ltd.
LPG cylinder height

A 45 kg LPG cylinder height is 1250mm. A 90 kg LPG cylinder height is 1300mm whilst a 210 kg LPG cylinder height is 1450mm. LPG gas cylinder height also varies by manufacturer.

What is an LPG cylinder

LPG gas bottles are used for the storage and transportation of LPG, a portable fuel that can go anywhere. The size of the LPG gas bottles required is dependent upon the quantity of gas needed.

LPG gas bottles come in a range of sizes from small portable BBQ gas bottles to large tanks. All LPG gas bottles contain a regulator for consistently safe gas supply. LPG gas bottles are also referred to as LPG cylinders.

Gas Bottles

Gas bottles are typically steel or aluminium vessels for storing the common LPG gases – propane or butane. All Elgas gas bottles meet stringent Australian standards.

LPG is a portable fuel that can go anywhere. LPG gas bottles are used for the storage and transportation of the LPG. LPG gas bottles sizes are contingent upon the usage, the requisite volume of gas and the location of the gas bottle installation. High volume users prefer larger LPG gas tank sizes.

BBQ gas bottles come in 4kg & 9kg gas bottle dimensions.  The cylinder capacity of small LPG gas bottles make them perfect for BBQs and camping.

LPG gas bottles include a main gas valve for controlling the release of the gas. The Pressure Relief Valve (PRV) is a safety device incorporated into the main gas valve on the LPG gas bottles. If the pressure of the gas inside the LPG gas bottle increases, as the result of a fire or other heat source, the pressure relief valve releases some of the gas to relieve the pressure.

Gas bottle sizes may also be called “gas cylinder sizes”, “LPG gas bottle sizes”, “LPG bottle sizes”, “LPG gas cylinder sizes”, “BBQ gas bottle sizes”, “LPG tanks sizes”, “LPG cylinder sizes”, “propane gas bottle sizes”, “propane gas cylinder sizes” or just “propane tank sizes”.

The various gas bottles sizes and cylinder capacity contain liquid and gas, as LPG – Liquefied Petroleum Gas – liquefies under pressure. An LPG gas bottle is considered low pressure versus high pressure gas bottle sizes, as used with CNG.

Gas Bottles: All Types – LPG Gas Bottle Sizes – Gas Bottle Dimensions – Domestic LPG Bottle Dimensions

This table shows all types of gas bottles, from small 4kg BBQ gas bottles to large 210kg LPG gas bottle sizes (LPG gas cylinder sizes). It includes gas bottle dimensions for all LPG gas bottle sizes (LPG bottle sizes) including 45kg gas bottle dimensions…

LPG Gas Bottle Sizes/Type
LPG Gas Cylinder Sizes
Height Diameter Cylinder Capacity Tare Weight Full Weight Energy Content
4kg BBQ Gas Bottle 345-450 mm 240-265 mm 7.25L 4.5-6.6 kg 8.2-10.3 kg 181 MJ
9kg BBQ Gas Bottle 450-525 mm 309-335 mm 16.66L 7.8-10.4 kg 16.3-19.0 kg 417 MJ
15kg Forklift Gas Bottle* 735 mm 305 mm 29.4L 9.7 kg 24.7 kg 735 MJ
18kg Forklift Gas Bottle 830 mm 310 mm 35.3L 18.0 kg 36.0 kg 882 MJ
45kg Gas Bottle 1250 mm 375 mm 88L 33 kg 78 kg 2205 MJ
90 kg Gas Bottle 1380 mm 510 mm 176L 65 kg 155 kg 4410 MJ
210kg Gas Bottle 1460 mm 765 mm 411L 140 kg 350 kg 10,290 MJ
*15kg aluminium gas bottle. Actual gas bottle sizes, cylinder capacity & weights may vary. Some numbers are rounded.
Copyright © 2013-2019 Elgas Ltd.

 

Domestic LPG gas bottle dimensions and domestic gas bottle weight shown are approximate. Actual LPG gas bottle sizes, cylinder capacity & gas bottle dimensions may vary by manufacturer, as there is no standard gas bottle size in Australia.

 

LPG tank sizes (propane tank sizes)
LPG tanks contain liquid and gas, with LPG liquefying under relatively low pressure. LPG tank sizes (propane tank sizes) range from 0.5 tonnes all the way up to 50 tonnes and larger. A good conversion rate to remember for cylinder capacity is that 1 kilogram is approximately equal to 1.96 litre of LPG.

Illustrated LPG gas bottle sizes for home – gas bottle dimensions chart

The following are LPG gas bottles for home, including the typical LPG gas bottle sizes, cylinder capacity, gas bottle dimensions and volumes.

Using more than one 45 kg gas cylinder

The typical kind of gas bottle exchange installation is two 45 kg gas cylinder. The two gas bottles are linked by a changeover valve. When one cylinder goes empty, you flip the valve over to the full cylinder. This is your reminder to order a fresh 45 kg gas cylinder.

Gas bottle exchange

A gas bottle exchange system is a practical method of delivering LPG for both home and business. With this supply method, we provide you with one or more 45 kg gas cylinders. Your LPG delivery driver will then come to your home and exchange a full bottle for your empty one.

45 kg gas bottle refill (exchange) price

Our 45 kg gas bottle prices (45 kg gas bottle refill price) is based on the world benchmark price we can change monthly. It also depends on your distance from our depot and whether you get your supply by gas bottle exchange (gas bottle replacement) or tanker refill. Please ring our friendly customer service team on 131 161 to get a great price.

LPG gas bottle-cylinder size chart
LPG Gas Bottle Sizes Diameter Height Capacity
45kg 375mm 1250mm 88 litres
90kg 510mm 1300mm 176 litres
210kg 760mm 1450mm 411 litres

Typical gas bottle sizes shown. Actual dimensions may vary.

 

45kg Gas Bottle – 45 kg LPG Cylinder Sizes – 45kg Gas Bottle Dimensions – 45 kg LPG Cylinder Dimensions – 45 kg Gas Cylinder Sizes

45kg gas bottle dimensions (45 kg LPG gas cylinder sizes – dimensions), cylinder capacity and 45 kg weight include:

  • Height of 45 kg gas bottle is 1250mm
  • 45 kg LPG cylinder diameter of 375mm
  • 45 kg LPG cylinder capacity of 88 litres
  • 45kg gas bottle tare weight of 33 kg
  • 45 kg LPG cylinder full weight of 78 kg
  • 45kg gas bottle are the most common gas cylinder sizes and are the standard LPG gas bottles for home use.

A 45kg gas bottle (45 kg LPG cylinder) can be exchanged or refilled onsite via LPG refill tanker trucks.

A typical installation is two 45kg, so you can switch LPG gas bottles while awaiting an exchange or LPG refill of the empty.

The larger 90 kg gas bottle dimensions are approximately 510mm LPG gas cylinder diameter, 1380mm in LPG gas cylinder height and 176L of cylinder capacity.

The largest domestic gas bottle dimensions are for a 210kg gas bottle at about 765mm LPG gas cylinder diameter, 1460mm in LPG gas cylinder height and 411L of cylinder capacity.

LPG gas bottle dimensions quoted are approximate. Actual gas bottle-cylinder dimensions may vary by manufacturer, as there are no standard gas cylinder sizes, cylinder capacity & gas bottle dimensions (propane bottle sizes).

How long will a 45 kg LPG bottle last

Below are some examples of how long as 45kg gas bottle (45 kg LPG cylinder) lasts.

Here are some typical examples (numbers are rounded):

♦ 16 L/min Hot Water used for 20 minutes per day = a 45kg gas bottle (45 kg LPG cylinder) lasts 52 days

♦ 9 MJ Cooktop Burner used for 60 minutes per day = a 45kg gas bottle (45 kg LPG cylinder) lasts 244 days

♦ 15 MJ Gas Heater used for 3 hours per day = a 45kg gas bottle (45 kg LPG cylinder) lasts 49 days

♦ 25 MJ Gas Fireplace used for 2 hours per day = a 45kg gas bottle (45 kg LPG cylinder) lasts 44 days

These estimates are based on running at maximum setting/rate. A gas bottle lasts longer on lower settings.

Cooking gas cylinder

A cooking gas cylinder can be a 9kg, 45kg or a 14.2kg domestic cooking gas cylinder.

Cooking gas cylinder sizes are contingent upon the usage, the requisite volume of gas and the location of the gas cylinder installation.

For those who use LPG for cooking only, an Australian cooking gas cylinder is typically a single 45kg LPG gas cylinder that lasts for a year or more. 45kg gas bottle have a cylinder capacity of 88 litres.

Propane gas bottle sizes – propane tank sizes – propane gas cylinder sizes

Propane is also called LPG, as is butane. So, LPG gas bottle sizes (LPG gas cylinder sizes) are the same as propane gas bottle sizes.

Propane gas bottle-cylinder-tank sizes incorporate propane gas bottle dimensions including the 45 kg propane gas bottle with 45kg gas bottle dimensions of: 1250mm propane gas cylinder height, 375mm propane gas cylinder diameter & 88 Litres cylinder capacity. They also include 90 kg gas bottle sizes and 210 kg propane gas cylinder sizes.

The various propane gas cylinder-bottle-tank sizes exist because different people used different amounts of gas and the propane gas cylinder-bottle sizes are selected accordingly.

9kg gas bottle

A 9kg gas bottle is considered the standard size BBQ gas bottle and is roughly equivalent to a 20 lb propane tank. 9kg represents the nominal weight of the gas contents. A 9kg gas bottle weighs approximately 17.5 kg when full, so it is very portable. 9kg gas bottle dimensions vary according to the manufacturer.

A 9kg gas bottle weighs 16.3–19.0 kg* when full. The weight variation is in the empty 9kg gas bottle weight, do to manufacturing variances. 9kg refers to the weight of the contents on

BBQ Gas Bottle Sizes – Cylinder Type/Size Height Diameter
4kg LPG Gas Bottle Sizes & Dimensions
Gas Cylinder Sizes – Cylinder Capacity
345–450 mm 240–265 mm
9kg Gas Bottle Sizes & Dimensions
Gas Cylinder Sizes – Cylinder Capacity
450–525 mm 309–335 mm
4kg & 9kg gas bottle dimensions-sizes & weights shown are approximate.

 

How does a gas bottle work

Every time you turn on one of your gas appliances, the LPG gas bottle works, with your gas starting to boil. If you could see though the steel, you would also notice that it looks just like water boiling.

The big difference is that it happens at -42°C or -44°F.

This is vaporisation, which is how LPG – propane – goes from liquid to vapour (gas).To boil, the liquid LPG draws heat from the steel walls of the LPG gas cylinder (propane tank) which, in turn, works by getting heat from the ambient air. LPG liquid boils and turns back into gas vapour when you release some of the pressure in the gas bottle (propane tank) by turning on your gas appliance.

Gas bottle level – full at 80%

The proper gas bottle level when full is at the 80% mark. This is to allow for expansion of the gas, if it gets warm, for gas bottle safety.

The expansion space is called ullage. The gas bottle is designed oversized to allow for this space and still provide the full amount of gas.

The LPG gas vapour is held in the top of the bottle and the liquid LPG at the bottom, as shown in the accompanying image. Almost all of the uses for LPG involve the use of the gas vapour, not the liquefied gas.

LPG cylinder capacity in litres

LPG cylinder capacity in litres for a 45 kg LPG cylinder is about 88 litres and is the most popular size for both domestic and commercial applications. The LPG cylinder capacity in litres can change if sold by the kg, as propane has 1.96L per kg whilst butane has only 1.724L per kg. This is because the two gases have different specific gravity.

LPG cylinder capacity in litres goes from a small LPG cylinder capacity of 7.25 litres for a 3.7 kg LPG cylinder to a large LPG cylinder capacity of 411 litres for a 210 kg LPG cylinder. The chart below shows LPG cylinder capacity in litres for the 7 most popular sizes of LPG cylinder based on 1.96 litres of LPG cylinder capacity per kilogram (1 kg = 1.96 L).

90 kg LPG cylinder capacity is about 176 litres and is popular for tanker fill and underground storage, for both domestic and commercial applications.

210 kg LPG cylinders capacity is about 411 litres of LPG and is the largest cylinder for both domestic and commercial applications. It is different because it has 2 outlets, one to withdraw gas and one for liquid, typically used for decanting.

LPG cylinder capacity in litres goes from a small volume 7.25 litres (3.7kg) LPG cylinder capacity to a large cylinder capacity of 411 litres (210kg) LPG cylinder.

LPG cylinder capacity chart
Size in kg Cylinder Capacity in Litres
3.7 7.25
8.5 16.6
15 29
18 35
45 88
90 176
210 411

This chart is based on propane at 1kg = 1.96L

 

LPG tank sizes – propane tank sizes

LPG tank sizes (propane tank sizes), cylinder capacity & gas bottle dimensions range from 0.5 tonnes all the way up to a 50 tonne LPG storage vessel and larger. LPG gas tank sizes (propane tank sizes) shown are indicative. Actual LP tank sizes (propane tank sizes) can vary.

LPG tanks are used for LPG bulk storage. An LPG tank or LPG storage vessel is made from welded steel and is designed to handle the required pressures and heat expansion of the stored gas.

Industrial LPG cylinder – Industrial gas suppliers – LPG cylinder exchange for low volume users

LPG gas, provided in an industrial LPG cylinder, is the energy of choice for many industrial applications because of its portability, high energy content and clean burning. It is the same LPG used for home heating and cooking. An industrial LPG cylinder is generally larger and tanker filled.

For low volume industrial LPG cylinder applications, we provide you with two or more 45kg LPG gas bottles. Industrial LPG cylinders can also be hooked together by a gas manifold, for installations with multiple LPG cylinders.

The industrial LPG cylinders also come in two types: vapour withdrawal and liquid withdrawal, depending on the application.

What is the difference between an industrial LPG cylinder and a domestic LPG cylinder?

There is no difference in the gas provided to industrial and domestic users. The industrial rate of use means that more LPG needs to be vaporized and that typically means a larger gas storage tank.

Residential LPG gas bottles and industrial LPG cylinders are identical with the exception of the applications.

LPG Tank Sizes & Dimensions Chart
LPG Tank Sizes
Propane Gas Tank Sizes
Capacity (tonnes)
LPG Tank Sizes
Propane Gas Tank Sizes
Diameter (mm)
LPG Tank Sizes
Propane Gas Tank Sizes
Length (mm)
0.5 915 2250
1 1065 2690
2 1220 3920
2.5 1220 5940
3 1220 7960

 

45kg LPG Gas Bottle Sizes, Cylinder Capacity & Gas Bottle Dimensions-Gas Cylinder Dimensions

A typical installation has two 45kg gas bottles.

45kg is used for Home Gas Bottle Refill Exchange Service.

LPG storage vessel is also used with our Automatic Tanker LPG Refill Delivery Service.

45kg Gas Bottle Dimensions:

  • Diameter: 375mm
  • Height: 1250mm
  • Capacity: 88 Litres

45kg gas bottle dimensions shown are approximate. Actual gas bottle dimensions may vary.

See LPG Conversion Chart for kg, Litres, MJ BTU, kWh & m3

90 kg Gas Bottle Sizes, Cylinder Capacity & Gas Bottle Dimensions-Gas Cylinder Dimensions

90 kg gas bottle sizes (LPG gas cylinder sizes) are the second most common size for home use.

This size is commonly used with our Automatic Tanker Delivery Service.

A typical installation has one 90 kg gas bottle.

90 kg gas bottle sizes are also used with our Underground LPG Storage System.

90 kg gas bottle dimensions:

  • Diameter: 510mm
  • Height: 1380mm
  • Capacity: 176 Litres

90 kg gas bottle dimensions shown are approximate. Actual gas bottle dimensions-gas cylinder dimensions may vary.

See LPG Conversion Chart for kg, Litres, MJ BTU, kWh & m3

210 kg LPG Gas Cylinder Sizes, Cylinder Capacity & Gas Bottle Dimensions-Gas Cylinder Dimensions

210 kg LPG gas cylinder sizes (propane bottle sizes) are provided for high volume use.

Larger storage vessels are also available, when needed.

Filling is via our Automatic Tanker Delivery Service.

210 kg LPG gas bottle dimensions:

  • Diameter: 765mm
  • Height: 1460mm
  • Capacity: 411 Litres

LPG gas bottle-cylinder sizes-dimensions shown are approximate. Actual gas bottle-cylinder sizes, cylinder capacity & gas bottle dimensions may vary.

See LPG Conversion Chart for kg, Litres, MJ BTU, kWh & m3

Please see our Illustrated LPG Gas Bottle Placement Guide

Capacity is based on a propane conversion factor of 1.96 litres per kilogram

Please see important information for New Users of LPG gas bottles for home

Adding bottled gas to your all-electric home? See How To Add LPG Gas Bottles
to Your Home

FAQs

What size gas bottles are available in Australia?

Gas bottle sizes available in Australia are 4kg, 9kg, 15kg, 45kg, 90kg and 210kg. Whether you need Swap‘n’Go small bottle exchange for a home BBQ or a long-lasting LPG gas supply to keep your business running, we have what you’re looking for at Elgas.

What size gas bottle do I need?

This will depend on your short-term or long-term LPG needs. Speak to an Elgas expert about reliable LPG gas solutions for your home or business. To put you in the picture: Australian households use one or two 45kg gas bottles annually, depending on household hot water, cooking and heating systems.

How do I know what size my gas cylinder is?

Refer to the size charts on this page. Your gas cylinder meets Australian standards for size and weight. If you are still uncertain, contact Elgas regarding cylinder size and any other questions you have about our LPG gas delivery and refill service.