Gas Installation: LPG Gas Bottle Location Regulations – LPG Gas Cylinder Installation Regulations – LPG Tank Siting Location Regulations – Home LPG Gas Bottle Installation
LPG gas bottle installation regulations specify location and clearances in the placement of gas bottles. Distances from ignition sources, wall openings and below ground spaces, such as drains or pits, are all specified. Gas bottles must be placed in well ventilated locations and on a solid base.
LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG installation regulations) for gas bottle installation summary:
- Gas bottle installation upright and stable
- Gas bottle installation in well ventilated space
- Gas bottle installation should not be near wall openings
- Keep gas bottle installation away from ignition sources and wearing non-static clothing
- Keep gas bottle installation away from pits and drains
Upright and Stable
- Gas bottle installation must be upright and on a solid base, like concrete or pavers not subject to the accumulation of water. Keeping it upright assures that the pressure relief valve functions correctly.
Well Ventilated Space
- LPG gas bottle location regulations specify gas bottle installations need to be in a well ventilated space. They can not be in an enclosure, alcove, under the building or under stairways, for gas bottle safety.
Not Near Wall Openings
- Gas bottle installation cannot be close to building openings, including windows, doors and vents, to preclude possible entry and collection of gas in enclosed spaces, as per LPG gas bottle location regulations. They need to be at least 1 metre away from any openings.
Away from Ignition Sources and Wearing Non-Static Clothing
- Gas bottle installation must be clear of ignition sources by either 1.5m or 3.5m for exchange and tanker fill, respectively. This includes electrical switches, circuit breaker boxes, power points, air conditioners, NBN boxes, compressors, pumps, lights, movement sensors, bug zappers and all other electrical gear, as well as flames, like pilot lights or BBQs.
- Workers should wear cotton clothing and use brass tools to minimise static electricity during gas bottle installation .
Away from Pits and Drains
- LPG is heavier than air so, to avoid accumulation, gas bottle installation cannot be near pits, drains or other in-ground depressions.
See more details and diagrams below.
LPG gas cylinder installation regulations requires the proper clearance and placement of home LPG gas bottle installation as specified by LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank siting location regulations). LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank regulations) specify locations and clearances from sources of igniton and wall openings for your home LPG gas bottle installation.
LPG gas bottle location regulations state that ignition sources clearance must be kept a minimum safe distance (1.5m or 3.5m) from the home LPG gas bottle installation.
It is very important that the gas installation positioning meets the applicable Australian Standards including the LPG gas bottle location regulations.
LPG Gas Home Delivery Rules of Thumb – Guidelines
Please follow these simple LPG gas home delivery rules of thumb or guidelines to help ensure problem free delivery:
- Delivery is free in most areas.
- Pathway to gas bottle installation area must be free of obstructions, including access to your driveway.
- Unlock gates so that the driver has access to the gas bottles
- Keep dogs and other animals restrained
- Order a replacement cylinder as soon as one runs out
- Plan ahead based on the delivery schedule to your area
- Please let us know about extra house guests or additional gas appliances, as your consumption may rise
- Order early when it gets cold, leaving extra time for delivery
- We offer free delivery in most areas on LPG 45kg gas bottle delivery and tanker refilling
Gas Installation: LPG Gas Bottle Location Regulations
LPG tank siting regulations require a minimum of 1 meter from, doors, windows, any wall opening, drain or pit. It must also be up to 3.5 metres from ignition sources, including electrical equipment and mobile phones. See the details below for the specifics on LPG gas bottle location regulations.
LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank siting location regulations) require that an LPG gas installation must be sited safely away from ignition sources — primarily electrical devices and flames — in the event of a leak. A gas installation is expected to be situated in a well-ventilated area. Avoid home LPG gas bottle installation in alcoves or any enclosure.
Home LPG gas bottle installation needs to be on a solid base, such as a concrete slab. They should not be placed on grass or soil areas.
The gas installation graphic below shows the minimum distance clearance to be maintained from various wall openings and drains:
Please note that all horizontal dimensions are measured from the centre line of the home LPG gas bottle installation.
Gas Installations Clearance Distances – Ignition Sources – Wall Openings – Pits
LPG gas bottle location regulations specify gas installation location and clearances in the placement of home LPG gas bottle installation. Distances from ignition sources, wall openings and below ground spaces, such as drains or pits, are all specified in the LPG tank siting location regulations.
Gas installation must be in well ventilated locations and on a solid base.
1. LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank siting location regulations) also require that gas installations cannot be close to wall openings, including windows, doors and vents, to preclude possible entry and collection of gas in enclosed spaces.
2. LPG gas bottle location regulations require home LPG gas bottle installation must be a safe distance from openings to below ground spaces, for instance drains and pits, to prevent any possible build up of the heavier than air LPG.
3. LPG gas bottle location regulations require gas installation must be sited in well ventilated locations, avoiding alcoves and enclosures, to prevent possible accumulations of gas.
4. LPG gas bottle location regulations require home LPG gas bottle installation must be on a solid base that is not subject to the accumulation of water.
5. Line of sight must be maintained from the gas installation to the tanker for in situ tanker deliveries.
Please read more for additional information and the required safe distances for placement…
LPG Gas Bottle Location Regulations for Tradespeople & Homeowners
Tradespeople, other than gas fitters, would not necessarily understand the LPG gas bottle location regulations and the required clearance from gas installations and restrictions when they install other gear on your home.
So, homeowners need to understand the LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank siting location regulations) if they install other devices, such as air conditioners, after the gas installation is already complete.
Adding a gas installation to your all-electric home? See How To Add LPG Gas to Your Home
While your gas fitter will be well versed in the LPG gas bottle location regulations, you should also be knowledgeable regarding the LPG gas bottle location regulations:
Wall Openings and Drains – Gas Installation Distance from House Wall Openings
In the unlikely event of a gas leak, you want to minimise the chance of gas entering any enclosed area, so requirements for gas installation distance from house wall openings must be maintained at a safe distance.
Drains and pits are also an issue, as LPG is heavier than air and can collect in low set places.
Gas Installation for Line-of-Sight to Tanker
You will also note the reference to tanker line-of-sight in the gas installation graphic above. Tanker delivery requires that the driver has a clear line-of-sight between the gas installation and the tanker while he is filling your cylinders.
Automatic tanker delivery eliminates the need to check gas bottles or order gas, so it is wise to make sure your gas installation placement allows for this convenient delivery option.
It is best to advise your gas fitter of your desire for tanker delivery, as he may not necessarily consider this.
LPG Bottle Clearances Chart
LPG bottle clearances are shown in the following chart:
LPG Bottle Clearances Chart
|LPG Bottle Clearance Item||Clearance (m)|
|Windows to the side||1m|
|Wall air vents||1m|
|Drains & pits||1m|
|Ignition Sources – Exchange||up to 1.5m|
|Ignition Sources – Tanker Fill||up to 3.5m|
|Copyright © 2019 Elgas Ltd.|
Tanker Hose Length for Tanker Filled Gas Installation
It is important to remember that the gas installation needs to be within the reach of the tankers’ hoses, if the cylinders or tanks are to be filled on-site by a tanker.
For example, most tankers have two hose reels.
The low flow hose, for cylinders, can be 40M to 60M.
The high flow hoses, for bulk tanks (‘bullets’) range from 15M to 40M in length.
Check with your local gas supplier, as they can advise what is available in your area.
So, it depends on the customer gas installation type.
For example, residential gas installations typically have a hose length of 60M, as they are filled with low flow hoses.
Please note that this is a fully stretched straight line measurement.
You should design the gas installation to be less in distance, for practical access.
Gas Installation Away from Ignition Sources
LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank siting location regulations) require that ignition sources must also be kept a minimum safe distance clearance from the gas installation. This includes all electrical gear like electrical switches, power points, air conditioners, compressors, pumps, lights, movement sensors, bug zappers, etc. distance from the gas installation.
Basically anything that can potentially spark.
Of course, it also includes your gas hot water heater, pool heater, barbecues, patio heaters or anything else with a flame.
The gas installation clearance also varies based on whether you have tanker delivery or gas cylinder exchange.
On site filling does require a larger exclusion zone but it should be used, if possible, so you can enjoy the advantages of automatic tanker delivery.
NBN (Internet) Connection Boxes and Gas Installation
LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank siting regulations) also apply to NBN boxes. Regarding the National Broadband Network (NBN) installation, the comms boxes used (see image) cannot be installed inside the exclusion zone of a gas installation, as per AS/NZS 1596.
While considered no, or very low voltage, the current standard – AS 60079 – prohibits the installation inside the gas installation exclusion zone.
Exclusion Zones for Exchange & Tanker Filling Gas Installation
The following two graphics show the LPG gas bottle location regulations for exchange and tanker filling.
If an 8.5 kg LPG cylinder is used to replace a larger LPG cylinder, maintain the exclusion zone for the larger cylinder at all times.
Please note that all horizontal dimensions are measured from the centre line of the cylinders.
For Exchange Only:
For Tanker Delivery:
Gas Installation Distance From Appliances
The gas installation will cost you less if you place the cylinders as close as possible to the location of the gas appliances.
This is because you save on the cost of the extra piping.
Most gas fitters would routinely take this into consideration during gas installation.
Well Ventilated Area for Gas Installation
Gas installation should be situated in a well-ventilated area. Avoid home LPG gas bottle installation in alcoves or any enclosure.
Solid Base for Support for LPG Gas Bottle Installation
Gas installation need to be on a solid base, such as a concrete slab. They should not be placed on grass or soil areas.
Gas Bottle Changeover Valves
While not actually a LPG gas bottle location regulations issue, you should decide on what type of changeover valve you want before the gas installation, assuming you go with exchange 45kg cylinder delivery.
Automatic changeover valves have the advantage automatically switching between the two bottles and providing a coloured indicator when one is empty.
The only downside is if you forget to look at the indicator before the second cylinder is also empty.
While manual changeover valves do require you to manually switch between cylinders, you are provided with an unmistakable reminder to re-order your gas.
You can also get an automatic Gas Check Alert™, by Text, on your mobile telephone with either type of changeover valve.
X-Zone LPG® App – Gas Bottle Installation Exclusion Zones Made Simple
Get a free app to show you the gas bottle installation exclusion zones on your home. It inserts a digital image of the gas bottles and the surrounding exclusion zones in the real life location.
X-Zone LPG is a FREE augmented reality app that creates and inserts a digital gas bottle installation image in the real life location you choose and then shows the safety exclusion zones around the digital gas bottle installation.
It can also deal with an existing gas bottle installation, where the gas bottle installation is already in place.
It can create 45kg (one or two), 90kg, 210kg cylinders and small bullets, as well.
It then superimposes either a red tinted cone, for ignition exclusion zone, or a red tinted cylinder, for the wall/ground openings exclusion zone (see accompanying image).
The app can also capture and send the created images to Elgas.
Our latest app, X-Zone LPG®, is now available for downloading on the Australian Apple App Store and the Google Play Store. And it’s FREE.
The following are the respective links:
Gas Compliance Certificate, Plate or Badge for Gas Bottle Installation
- A gas compliance certificate is documentation that the gas installation complies with the standards and regulations issued by the governing body.
- It is issued by the gas fitter who performed the gas installation .
- The gas fitter is typically liable to correct any gas installation related defects.
- It may vary in form and can be a certificate, plate or badge.
- It let’s gas suppliers know that the gas installation is safe to supply.
Different States call them different names but a gas compliance certificate, plate or badge is very important documentation when you have gas at your home or business.
What you need to know:
Gas Fitters Provide the Gas Installation Certificates
All gas installations in Australia must be performed by a licensed gas fitter.
After installing and commissioning a gas appliance at your home, the licensed gas fitter must supply you with a copy of a gas installation certificate and/or fix a compliance plate or badge to the gas installation.
The gas fitter is required to issue a compliance certificate to the owner for any alteration or extension to an existing gas service or a new gas installation.
What Do They Mean?
Licensed gas fitters self-certify that their gas installation work complies with all relevant regulations, standards and codes by issuing a compliance certificate to you.
The compliance certificate contains a declaration, by the gas fitter, that your gas installation complies with all standards and requirements.
Protection For You
This is actually protection for you, if any problems develop later.
If the problems are the result of faulty workmanship, the gas fitter will be required to fix the defect.
Please see How To Add LPG Gas to Your Home for more details
No Gas Without One
Compliance certificates are also necessary for obtaining your gas supply, as gas providers cannot supply an uncertified gas installation.
The certificate needs to be available before the gas is connected for the first time.
In most States, the gas fitter will give you a copy to pass on to your gas supplier.
Compliance Requirements Vary by State
Some States require that an engraved compliance plate or badge be attached to the structure at the gas installation location of the gas works.
If this is the case in your State, your gas fitter will provide the plate or badge.
Here is a list of how it is done by State:
• Queensland – Certificate of Compliance
• NSW – Compliance Plate attached near the gas installation or a Certificate of Inspection/Compliance
• ACT – Compliance Plate attached near the gas installation
• Victoria – Certificate of Compliance
• South Australia – Certificate of Compliance
• Tasmania – LP Gas Storage Notice (Start Work Notice)
• Western Australia – Notice of Completion (NOC) and Compliance Badge
• Northern Territory – Compliance Plate attached near the gas installation
This can all be a bit confusing, with the various State requirements, but we will help you sort it all out when you contact us for your initial gas delivery.
We will walk you through the requirements so you can start to relax and enjoy your new home or new gas appliances.
Use Licensed Gas Fitters
You must always use a licensed gas fitter for any projects that involves gas. This includes gas appliance installations, repairs and maintenance, as well as LPG gas bottle installation on your home and all other gas fitting work.
Licensed Gas Fitters Required in All States
All states and territories require the use of a licensed gas fitter for all gas related work, including both LPG and natural gas.
Do not attempt to do gas work yourself or to use a tradesperson who does not have specialist gas training and a specific gas fitter license.
Unlicensed gas work is illegal and potentially dangerous.
Your manufacturer’s warranty and insurance cover may also be void if gas work is performed by an unlicensed person.
Licensed gas fitters have a gas fitter number, issued by their State regulatory authority, authorising them to carry out gas fitting work.
Some States have different endorsements for different types of gas fitting work, such as gas appliance conversions.
Ask to see the gas fitter’s license to confirm that the tradesperson is entitled to do the specific type of gas work you require.
Gas Fitters vs Plumbers
Many gas fitters are also plumbers but not all plumbers are gas fitters.
If you require work to be done on a gas hot water system, make sure you get a tradesperson who is licensed for both the gas fitting and plumbing trades.
Also, you may need to ask the gas fitter if he does the specific kind of gas installation that you need, such as a gas fireplace.
Not all gas fitters are experienced at installing all types of gas appliances, so you should not hesitate to ask.
Compliance Certificates, Badges and Plates
Depending upon which State or Territory you live in, you will receive Notice of Compliance Certificate or a Compliance Badge/Plate will be affixed to the gas installation.
In it the gas fitter declares that the gas installation complies with all of the Australian Standards and statutory requirements.
If a gas installation is faulty, this also requires the gas fitter to come back and correct the defect.
Typical Gas Fitting Tasks
Gas fitters do many different types of gas fitting tasks including:
• Gas appliance installation, conversions , repairs and maintenance
• Gas installation including regulators, changeover valves, pigtails and gas lines
• Installation and repairs of gas flue pipes.
• Installation of gas meters, valves and associated pipe work.
• Adjusting of gas pressure
• Installation of gas detection systems
• Leak testing and repairs
Perfect if You Are New to LPG!
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The information in this article is derived from various sources and is believed to be correct at the time of publication. However, the information may not be error free and may not be applicable in all circumstances.