# LPG Conversions: Gas kg, Litres, MJ, kWh & m³

## Also Pounds, Gallons, BTU, Therms & ft³

People ask the questions in many ways and the simplest way to answer most of them is with an LPG Conversion Table (or two).
The first table shown below covers most of the common units of measure and gas bottle-cylinder sizes for Australia, including kg, litres, MJ, kWh & m³.
You can convert:
LPG kg to litres (1kg = 1.96L) or litres to kg (1L = 0.51kg)
*LPG kg to m³ (1kg = 0.53m³) or m³ to kg (1m³ = 1.89kg)
*LPG litres to m³ (1L = 0.27m³) or m³ to litres (1m³ = 3.70L)
LPG MJ to kWh (1MJ = 0.278kWh) or kWh to MJ (1kWh = 3.6 MJ)
LPG litres to MJ and vice versa (1L = 25MJ) or (1MJ = 0.042L)
LPG kg to MJ and vice versa (1kg = 49MJ) or (1MJ = 0.02kg)
LPG litres to kWh and vice versa (1L = 6.9kWh) or (1kWh = 0.145L)
LPG kg to kWh and vice versa (1kg = 13.6kWh) or (1kWh = 0.074kg)
and all other combinations
*Note that these are Liquid to Gas or Gas to Liquid conversions
The second table covers most of the units of measure and gas bottle sizes for the USA including Pounds, Gallons, BTU, Therms & ft³.
You can convert all combinations of Pounds, Gallons, BTU, Therms & ft³.

## LPG Specific Gravity - Density

Unlike water, 1kg of LPG does NOT equal 1L of LPG.
This is because the density or specific gravity of LPG is less than water.
In Australia, where LPG is propane, 1kg of LPG has a volume of 1.96L.
Conversely, 1L of LPG weighs 0.51kg.

## LPG Gas Consumption in Megajoules

Megajoules per Hour (MJ/hr) ratings on appliances actually indicate the gas consumption of the appliance, not the output.
It is often expressed as just MJ.  In the USA, they use BTU as the unit of measure.

## Appliance Output in kWh

Kilowatt Hour (kWh) is how appliance output is measured. 3.6 MJ of input equals 1kWh of output at 100% efficiency.
However, no gas appliance is 100% efficient.
That is why we have Star Ratings, so we can compare relative efficiency between models.
Appliance output is often expressed as just kW.

## BTU to MJ Conversion

BTU, or British Thermal Unit, is another older measure of heat output based on the Imperial System.
As previously mentioned, BTU is used in the USA instead of MJ.
One BTU is the energy required to raise the temperature of 1 pound of liquid water by 1°F, at sea level.
1MJ equals 948BTU, so to get an equivalent number of Megajoules, just divide the BTU rating by 948.

## LPG Liquid to Gas Volume Expansion

LPG (propane) expands about 270 times in volume when it goes from liquid to gas.
So, 1L of liquid LPG equals 270L of gaseous LPG.
As there are 1000L in a cubic metre (m³), 1L of liquid LPG expands to 0.27m³.

## Converting LPG m³ to kg and LPG kg to m³

Converting LPG m³ to kg or kg to m³ varies with temperature.

For butane LPG at 25 °C (77 °F): 0.4084 m³ = 1kg

For butane 1 m³ = 2.4486kg

For propane LPG at 25 °C (77 °F) : 0.546 m³ = 1kg
For propane 1m³ = 1.8315kg

## Gas Bottle Tare Weight

Tare weight is the empty weight of the gas bottle-cylinder.
Along with the gas bottle dimensions, they can vary greatly by manufacturer and date of manufacture.
For example, older bottles tend to be heavier than more recent versions.

## Measuring LPG by Pressure

When LPG (propane) is stored in a gas bottle, it is under pressure.

The term “pressure” refers to the average force per unit of area that the gas exerts on the inside walls of the gas bottle.

The pressure is measured in kilopascals (kPa).

“Bar” is yet another unit of measure for pressure.  1 Bar = 100 kPa, so it is metric based but not an SI unit of measure.

LPG pressure can vary greatly based on temperature.

The level of fill in the gas bottle comes into play when the LPG is being used, as it affects the rate of vapourisation.

As LPG is a liquefied gas, the pressure inside the cylinder will remain the same from full to empty (after the last of the liquid LPG is used), then the pressure will fall quickly as the last of the LPG vapour is used.

The use of Pressure as a measurement in LPG use is very limited.

A steady Pressure only shows that liquid LPG is inside the cylinder, and not how much liquid is left.

In the US, pressure is measured in pounds per square inch (psi).

Psi is defined as 1 pound of force applied per square inch.   As a comparison, 1 psi = 6.89476 kPa.

## LPG (Propane) Conversion Table: kg, Litres, MJ, kWh & m³

Note that the m3 column refers to gaseous LPG

## Propane Conversions Table: Pounds, Gallons, BTU, Therms & ft³

For our friends in the USA:

Propane conversion values in US gallons, pounds, BTUs, therms and cubic feet.

The table below shown covers most of the common units of measure and gas bottle-cylinder sizes for the USA.
You can convert:

Propane Gallons to Pounds: 1Gal = 4.23lbs

Propane Pounds to Gallons: 1lb = 0.24 Gallons

Propane Gallons to BTU: 1 Gal = 91,502 BTU

Propane Pounds to BTU: 1lb = 21,594 BTU

*Propane Gallons to ft3: 1 Gal = 36.38ft3

*Propane Pounds to ft3: (1lb = 8.59 ft3

BTU to Therms: 1 BTU = 0.000009993 Therms

Therms to BTU: 1 Therm = 100,067 BTU

and all other combinations.
*Note that these are Liquid to Gas or Gas to Liquid conversions
Note that the ft3 column refers to gaseous propane

## 45 kg LPG Gas Bottles

45 kg gas cylinder sizes are the most common size for home use

This is the size used for our Home Gas Bottle Exchange Service

They are also used with our Automatic Tanker Delivery Service

A typical installation has two 45kg gas bottles

Capacity: 88 litres

Diameter: 375mm

Height: 1250mm

## 90 kg LPG Gas Cylinders

90 kg gas cylinder sizes are the second most common size for home use

This size is commonly used with our Automatic Tanker Delivery Service

A typical installation has one cylinder

90 kg is also used with our Underground LPG Gas Storage System

Capacity: 176 litres

Diameter:  510mm

Height:  1380mm

## 210 kg LPG Gas Cylinders

210 kg gas cylinder sizes are provided for high volume use

Larger storage vessels are also available, when needed

Filling is via our Automatic Tanker Delivery Service

Capacity: 411 litres

Diameter:  760mm

Height:  1450mm