Acetylene - Acetylene welding gas bottles & oxygen welding gas bottles - Oxy acetylene cylinder sizes & welding gas prices…
Acetylene is a gas, also known as ethyne, with the formula C2H2. Acetylene gas is a hydrocarbon fuel and a simple alkyne that is typically used as welding gas and as a chemical feedstock for polyethylene plastics and acrylics. Acetylene is typically used with oxygen for oxy acetylene welding, cutting, brazing, flame hardening and more.
Acetylene is highly flammable and has a very broad range of flammability - from a lower flammable limit (LFL) of 2.5% to an upper flammable limit (UFL) of 81%. Acetylene is also the hottest burning fuel.
Acetylene is a colourless gas with a garlic odour.
Acetyline is a common incorrect spelling.
Acetylene Cylinder - Acetylene Cylinder Sizes
Acetylene welding gas is supplied in an acetylene cylinder that include E and G acetylene cylinder sizes. Highly reactive, acetylene is dissolved in acetone and contained within a porous mass inside of a steel acetylene cylinder.
The monolithic mass of porous materials can include things like firebrick, balsa wood, charcoal, or shredded asbestos. More typical is a monolithic block consisting of calcium silicate hydrate.
Acetone helps stabilize the acetylene gas by making it non-reactive. A low auto-ignition temperature of acetylene means that minimal energy is required to ignite acetylene in air or oxygen.
It is also reactive with copper tubing and brass fittings, so they should not be used.
Stainless steel tubing is the preferred material.
Acetylene for Oxy Acetylene Cylinders - Oxy Acetylene Cylinder Sizes
We are your local source for oxy acetylene cylinders and great welding gas prices. Oxy acetylene cylinders sizes with E and G acetylene cylinder sizes. Oxygen gas bottle sizes are available in E2 and G2 oxy acetylene cylinders sizes (O2 oxy acetylene bottle sizes).
Oxy Acetylene Flame Temperature
Oxy acetylene flame temperature or oxy acetylene temperature is 3,330°C or 6,020°F.
Pure acetylene is intrinsically unstable so it is typically stored as dissolved acetylene in a solution of acetone. Dissolved acetylene is stored in special acetylene bottles filled with a porous material that prevents the gaseous acetylene from collecting in voids.
|Acetylene Chemical Formula||C2H2|
|Acetylene Systematic Name||Ethyne|
|Oxy Acetylene Flame Temperature||3,330°C or 6,020°F|
|Acetylene Boiling point||-84.7°C -120.46°F|
|Acetylene Melting point||-80.75°C or -113.4°F|
|Acetylene Gaseous Density||1.11 kg/m3 (15°C @ 1 atm)|
|Acetylene Solid density||729 kg/m3|
|Acetylene Specific Gravity (gaseous)||0.91|
|Acetylene Auto-ignition temperature||300°C or 572°F|
|Acetylene Vapour pressure||4340.3 kPa (at 20°C)|
|Molar mass of Acetylene||26.04 g/mol|
Propane vs Acetylene: Acetylene & Propane Torch Flame Temperature
When comparing propane vs acetylene, propane cannot be used for gas welding. Propane can be used for brazing, but acetylene is better when it comes to thick flow brazing. The oxy propane torch flame temperature is 2800°C. The oxy acetylene flame temperature is 3330°C.
Both propane and acetylene can both be used for cutting but propane requires a different cutting technique.
Both propane and acetylene can be used for heating. However, propane will give off more total heat even though oxy acetylene flame temperature is hotter.
When both are used with oxygen, propane requires about 4x more oxygen than does oxy acetylene flame temperature.
Who Discovered Acetylene?
The following is a brief timeline of the history of acetylene:
1836 – Acetylene (C2H2) discovered by English chemist Edmund Davy. He discovered it accidentally whist experimenting with potassium. He produced potassium carbide - K2C2 - which reacted with water to release acetylene. He thought it would be used as an illuminating gas.
1860 - Acetylene was rediscovered by Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist. He named it “acétylène". He also discovered a number of different ways to produce acetylene.
1950s – Acetylene manufactured by the partial combustion of methane (natural gas) or as a by-product in the ethylene stream from hydrocarbon cracking.
What is Acetylene Used For?
Here are some of the most notable uses for acetylene:
As an industrial gas for oxy acetylene bottles gas welding and cutting
Used for lighting purposes before safer forms of lighting were available
As a chemical feedstock for polyethylene plastics and acrylics
How is Acetylene Produced and Stored?
Acetylene is manufactured by the partial combustion of methane (natural gas) or as a by-product in the ethylene stream from hydrocarbon cracking.
Pure acetylene can easily explode when in liquid form, solid form or while being pressurized.
To make it more stable, acetylene is supplied and stored dissolved in acetone or dimethylformamide (DMF).
This acetylene mixture is placed into oxy acetylene bottles containing a porous filling of agamassan.
This packaging makes acetylene safe to transport and use, given proper handling.
Acetylene is the simplest alkyne hydrocarbon
Acetylene is colourless and odourless (in pure form)
Acetylene can have a noticeable garlic-like smell if it contains impurities, such as hints of arsine and phosphine.
Oxy Acetylene Welding Gas Prices
Oxy Acetylene Bottles Fuel Cutting, Brazing, Heating - Oxy Acetylene Flame Temperature
Oxy Acetylene bottles for fuel cutting, brazing, heating, flame hardening, flame cleaning and thermal spraying with high oxy acetylene flame temperature. Oxy Acetylene bottles fuel cutting is used for cutting low carbon steel.
Flame hardening - oxy acetylene flame temperature can be used where the hardened surface of carbon steel components is either in-situ, as a remedial process, or on components too large to fit in a furnace
Flame cleaning - a broad oxy acetylene flame temperature is held close to a steel surface for cleaning
Thermal spraying of various metals and ceramics. The material to be sprayed is fed through the flame.
Oxygen Cylinder Sizes: Compressed Oxygen Gas for Welding
Oxygen cylinder sizes have compressed oxygen gas, which is typically supplied with a purity of 99.5% or higher.
Oxygen gas is colourless and odourless.
Oxygen gas is a non flammable - oxidising agent.
It supports combustion and may cause fire/explosion in contact with incompatible substances, strong acids, reducing agents, combustibles and flammables.
Materials which burn in air, will burn more vigorously in oxygen enriched atmospheres.
Oxygen Gas - Common applications include:
Used with a fuel gas for cutting, welding, brazing and soldering.
The use of oxygen gives higher oxy acetylene flame temperature than if air is used.
In plasma and laser cutting steel, an arc or a laser beam is used to heat the steel to its ignition temperature.
Oxygen is then used in the same way as with oxygen cutting to create an exothermic reaction and to blow away any metal oxide or slag.
Thermal lancing oxygen is used in conjunction with the steel lance to create a high oxy acetylene flame temperature melting process capable of drilling or cutting through materials such as concrete, brick, stone and most metals.
Used as an assist gas in lasers for cutting mild steel.
Precautions for Safe Handling of Acetylene Bottles
Use of safe work practices are recommended to avoid acetylene inhalation.
Do not drag, drop, slide or roll oxy acetylene bottles.
The uncontrolled release of acetylene gas under pressure may cause physical harm.
Use a suitable hand truck for oxy acetylene bottles movement.
Never open an oxy acetylene bottle valve without the regulator attached.
Gas regulator of suitable pressure and flow rating fitted to oxy acetylene bottles and manifold with low pressure gas distribution equipment which controls fuel gas mixture and flame.
The acetylene bottles welding gas regulator and other equipment must be compatible with the oxy acetylene bottles and suited for the particular use.
Never "sniff" acetylene as it may ignite spontaneously.
Carefully inspect the acetylene outlet and if there are any signs of dirt, blow it out with a jet of clean compressed air or nitrogen.
Precautions for Safe Handling of Oxygen Gas
Use of safe work practices are recommended to avoid inhalation.
Do not drag, drop, slide or roll oxy acetylene cylinders.
The uncontrolled release of a gas under pressure may cause physical harm.
Use a suitable hand truck for oxy acetylene cylinders movement.
Conditions for Safe Storage of Oxy Acetylene Bottles
(including any incompatibilities)
Do not store oxy acetylene bottles near incompatible substances and sources of ignition.
Oxy acetylene bottles should be stored: upright, prevented from falling, in a secure area; below 45°C, in a dry, well ventilated area constructed of non-combustible material with firm level floor (preferably concrete), away from areas of heavy traffic and emergency exits.
Post "No Smoking or Open Flames" signs in the oxy acetylene bottles storage areas.
Refer to applicable legislation on flammable storage quantity restrictions.
Never transfer acetylene to other oxy acetylene bottles or other container.
Acetylene Incompatible Materials
Acetylene is incompatible with oxidising agents (e.g. hypochlorites), copper, copper alloys (>70% copper), silver and mercury to form explosive acetylides.
Acetylene may decompose violently at high temperatures and/or pressures or in the presence of a catalyst.
Hazardous by-products may be produced when this acetylene gas/gas mixture is used in welding, cutting and associated processes.
Acetylene forms explosive acetylides with copper, silver and mercury.
Do not use alloys containing more than 65% copper with acetylene.
Please see Acetylene Safety Data Sheet for full safety details
Conditions for Safe Storage of Oxygen Gas
(including any incompatibilities)
Do not store oxy acetylene bottles near sources of ignition or incompatible materials.
Oxy acetylene bottles should be stored below 45°C in a secure area, upright and restrained to prevent cylinders from falling.
Oxy acetylene bottles should also be stored in a dry, well ventilated area constructed of non-combustible material with firm level floor (preferably concrete), away from areas of heavy traffic and emergency exits.
Combustible materials such as oil and grease can spontaneously ignite at low temperatures in oxygen enriched atmospheres.
Metals can be ignited and will continue to burn in pure oxygen atmospheres under specific conditions of temperature and pressure.
Please see Oxygen Safety Data Sheet for full safety details