Hot Water Mixing Valve - Hot Water Tempering Valve Adjustment - Hot Water System Installation Regulations - Tempering Valve Regulations
A tempering valve is an adjustable 2-inlet mixing valve which is temperature activated and used to moderate a hot water flow by mixing the hot water with cold water to achieve ≅50°C (122°F). This reduced temperature water is then delivered to the taps and shower heads around your home. The temperature delivered is set by local building codes.
A hot water mixing valve or tempering valve keeps the tank hot enough to stop bacterial growth (>60°C) and provides a lower hot water tap temperature (≅50°C) to help reduce the risk of accidental scalding.
The hot water system installation regulations include tempering valve regulations that now require hot water tempering valves, to protect against scalding. Your plumber will make a hot water tempering valve adjustment to make sure your tap temperature does not exceed 50°C.
A hot water mixing valve or hot water tempering valve is a safety device that mixes cold water with the hot water, to help prevent scalding. Hot water tempering valve adjustment is done to comply with tempering valve regulations.
Hot water tempering valve regulations require reducing the heat of the hot water to a maximum tap temperature (usually 50°C) for improved safety.
Uses of LPG - Propane Uses: What is LPG Used For? Uses of Liquefied Petroleum Gas
LPG is a versatile fuel and used around the world as an alternate fuel for various LPG applications including residential, commercial, industrial, agriculture and autogas. In areas lacking natural gas, LPG is the best alternate fuel. Heating, cooking, hot water and drying are common LPG applications.
LPG-propane uses include residential cooking, heating, hot water and vehicle fuel. Propane-LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) uses for commercial purposes include LPG applications like petrochemical feedstock. aerosol propellant, air conditioning refrigerant and as fuel for power generators.
LPG (petroleum gas) is used for hundreds, if not thousands, of LPG applications in addition to as a residential fuel gas, including being employed in many commercial and agricultural heat applications.
Gas Regulator: LPG Gas Regulator, Regulator Gas Pressure, Gas Bottle Regulator & Gas Bottle Fittings
The primary function of an LPG gas regulator is to reduce the temperature dependent LPG gas bottle pressure from 400-1200kPa down to the required 2.75kPa operating pressure for the gas appliances. Gas bottle pressure varies with temperature but the LPG gas regulator must be able to consistently maintain 2.75kPa.
Gas regulator types include an LPG gas regulator, acetylene gas bottle regulator, oxygen gas bottle regulator plus all of the gas bottle fittings, gas bayonet fitting, pol gas fitting and gas regulator fittings that are the gas fitting supplies for welding or an LPG gas installation.
A gas regulator reduces the high pressure from the gas bottle to a consistent regulator gas pressure, as required by the application. Gas regulators are used for all compressed gases and gases liquefied under pressure, like LPG gas regulators for LPG bottles.
Liquefied Petroleum Gas is typically referred to by its acronym – LPG. LPG is mixture of flammable hydrocarbon gases that include propane, butane, isobutane and mixtures of the three LPG gases. LPG is commonly used for home heating, cooking, hot water, and autogas – fuel for LPG cars and vehicles.
LPG gas comes from oil and gas wells, as it is a fossil fuel. LPG gas manufacturing process includes natural gas processing and the crude oil refinery process.
LPG, liquefied through pressurisation, comes from natural gas processing and oil refining.
In different countries, the LPG heating fuel gases supplied can be propane, butane or propane-butane blends.
In Australia, LPG is just propane. To explain LPG, Propane is LPG but not all LPG is propane.
LPG Properties & LPG Composition - What Are the Properties of LPG
LPG Composition - Components of LPG
LPG composition is primarily propane, butane, isobutane, butylenes, propylene and mixtures of these gases, which are the components of LPG and all with different LPG properties. LPG is composed of liquid or gas (vapour), depending on pressure and LPG gas temperature.
The domestic LPG composition and the commercial LPG composition are typically the same propane, butane or a mixture of the two gases.
LPG – Liquefied Petroleum Gas – is produced during natural gas processing and petroleum refining.
Natural Gas Liquids – NGL – have the same LPG composition and gas temperatures plus a few more gases not normally included in LPG.
The full NGL list of components of LPG includes ethane, ethene, butylenes, propylene, propene, isobutene, butadiene, pentane, pentene and pentanes plus, as well as propane, butane and isobutane.
LPG (propane) appliances can produce carbon monoxide when they burn with incomplete combustion. Properly functioning gas appliances produce little, if any, carbon monoxide.
A malfunctioning propane heater can produce dangerous levels of carbon monoxide, with incomplete combustion. Properly working indoor gas heaters hardly ever have a carbon monoxide problem. Using a propane heater in an enclosed space without enough ventilation could also cause hypoxia, as it consume oxygen to burn the gas. Properly functioning indoor gas heaters are rarely have a carbon monoxide problem.