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LPG Gas Pipe Safety Alert – Open-Ended Gas Pipes

It is both dangerous and illegal to leave a gas pipe open and un-capped or incorrectly capped.

This applies to all gas installations, including houses, caravans, boats, commercial buildings, warehouses and factories.

All gas pipes must be either connected to an appliance or securely capped.

This prevents any accidental or malicious gas leaks.

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What Type of Gas is Supplied and Used in Homes - What Gas is Used in Gas Bottles - Cooking Gas Contains - Cooking Gas Cylinder

The most common gas supplied and used in homes is natural gas (methane) via gas mains, although the energy content can vary from country to country. LPG, in gas bottles, is the common alternative where there are no gas mains.

CNG and even Biogas are also used in some places. The deciding factor is the local supply situation.

Type of Gas in a Cooking Gas Cylinder

LPG is the gas in a cooking gas cylinder. It is primarily used as cooking fuel.

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Never Use a Gas Stove or Oven as a Heater

Gas stoves and ovens are for cooking only.

They are not designed or intended for use as space heaters.

Improper use can be dangerous or even fatal…

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LPG (propane) Gas Unit Conversions: Gas in kg, Litres, MJ, kWh & m³

Also Propane Gas Unit Conversion in Pounds, Gallons, BTU, Therms & ft³

Where LPG is propane, 1kg of LPG has a volume of 1.96 litres. Conversely, 1 litre of LPG weighs 0.51kg.

LPG Specific Gravity - Density: Unlike water, 1kg of LPG does NOT equal 1 litre of LPG. This is because the density or specific gravity of LPG is less than water.

Gas unit conversion is the comparison of one gas unit measurement with another. Having a given quantity of one gas unit, you convert it to an equivalent amount in another gas unit, with a gas unit conversion formula, table or chart.

We are frequently asked about the various LPG - propane - gas unit conversion (LP gas unit conversion) values. 

The first table shown below covers most of the common gas unit conversion measures and gas bottle-cylinder sizes for Australia, including kg, litres, MJ, kWh & m³ (e.g. LPG gas unit conversion of kg to litres is 1kg = 1.96L).

People ask the questions in many ways and the simplest way to answer most of them is with an LPG Gas Unit Conversion Table (or two). 

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Incomplete & Complete Combustion of Propane - Propane Equation & Formula

Complete combustion of propane (LPG) is important. Complete LPG combustion saves you money on gas.

The propane equation for complete combustion of propane involves propane and oxygen as fuel input, and carbon dioxide, water, heat and possible carbon monoxide as the outputs. Complete combustion of LPG - propane - yields about 25 MJ/litre or 49 MJ/kg of heat.

Incomplete combustion produces carbon monoxide, which is a poisonous gas.

Find out what you need to do…

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LPG Engines for LPG Vehicles - How Does an LPG Engine Work? How Does LPG Work

When LPG – liquefied petroleum gas – is used in LPG vehicles with internal combustion engines or for stationary engines, like generators, it is called Autogas. Autogas is a varying mixture of propane and butane.

How LPG works in an engine is fundamentally the same as a petrol powered internal combustion engine. The engine block, pistons, spark plugs, ignition system, lubrication system and electricals all work the same on LPG fuel, consisting of propane, butane or a blend of the two and are also referred to as natural gas liquids – NGL.

The two main differences in how LPG works in an LPG vehicles are the fuel itself and the fuel storage and intake systems.

With an octane rating of over 100, LPG works with virtually any petrol engine.

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ACCC Recall - Campmaster CM1950S Butane Heater

12 October 2017

The ACCC has announced the recall of Campmaster CM1950S Butane Heater effective immediately.

You can download the official recall notice.

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Hot Water Mixing Valve - Hot Water Tempering Valve Adjustment - Hot Water System Installation Regulations - Tempering Valve Regulations

A hot water tempering valve is a temperature activated 3-way mixing valve used to temper a hot water supply by mixing in cold water with the hot water, delivering reduced temperature water, decreased scalding risk and improved safety.

A tempering valve is an adjustable 2-inlet mixing valve which is temperature activated and used to moderate a hot water flow by mixing the hot water with cold water to achieve ≅50°C (122°F). This reduced temperature water is then delivered to the taps and shower heads around your home. The temperature delivered is set by local building codes.

A hot water mixing valve or tempering valve keeps the tank hot enough to stop bacterial growth (>60°C) and provides a lower hot water tap temperature (≅50°C) to help reduce the risk of accidental scalding.

The hot water system installation regulations include tempering valve regulations that now require hot water tempering valves, to protect against scalding. Your plumber will make a hot water tempering valve adjustment to make sure your tap temperature does not exceed 50°C.

A hot water mixing valve or hot water tempering valve is a safety device that mixes cold water with the hot water, to help prevent scalding. Hot water tempering valve adjustment is done to comply with tempering valve regulations.

Hot water tempering valve regulations require reducing the heat of the hot water to a maximum tap temperature (usually 50°C) for improved safety.

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Uses of LPG - Propane Uses: What is LPG Used For? Uses of Liquefied Petroleum Gas

What is LPG used for?  LPG applications - cooking

LPG - liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas – (LP gas), the constituents of which are propane and butane, are flammable hydrocarbon fuel gases used for heating, cooking, hot water and vehicular fuel.

LPG is a fuel gas. Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas – LPG - also identified as propane or butane, are flammable hydrocarbon gas mixtures used as fuel in vehicles, as Autogas, and as home heating and cooking fuel.

Autogas is the term used for LPG used as vehicular fuel. Autogas demand is growing because it is cheaper than both gasoline and diesel whilst it also has less CO2 and particulate emissions. However, over 85% of LPG consumed is for home heating, cooking and hot water applications.

LPG is a versatile fuel and used around the world as an alternate fuel for various LPG applications including residential, commercial, industrial, agriculture and autogas. In areas lacking natural gas, LPG is the best alternate fuel. Heating, cooking, hot water and drying are common LPG applications.

LPG-propane uses include residential cooking, heating, hot water and vehicle fuel. Propane-LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) uses for commercial purposes include LPG applications like petrochemical feedstock. aerosol propellant, air conditioning refrigerant and as fuel for power generators.

LPG (petroleum gas) is used for hundreds, if not thousands, of LPG applications in addition to as a residential fuel gas, including being employed in many commercial and agricultural heat applications.

LPG is a gaseous flammable hydrocarbon fuel and is also referred to as natural gas liquids – NGL.

And there are many more ways to use LPG…

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Gas Regulator: LPG Gas Regulator, Regulator Gas Pressure, Gas Bottle Regulator & Gas Bottle Fittings

The primary function of an LPG gas regulator is to reduce the temperature dependent LPG gas bottle pressure from 400-1200kPa down to the required 2.75kPa operating pressure for the gas appliances. Gas bottle pressure varies with temperature but the LPG gas regulator must be able to consistently maintain 2.75kPa.

Gas regulator types include an LPG gas regulator, acetylene gas bottle regulator, oxygen gas bottle regulator plus all of the gas bottle fittings, gas bayonet fitting, pol gas fitting and gas regulator fittings that are the gas fitting supplies for welding or an LPG gas installation.

A gas regulator reduces the high pressure from the gas bottle to a consistent regulator gas pressure, as required by the application. Gas regulators are used for all compressed gases and gases liquefied under pressure, like LPG gas regulators for LPG bottles.

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