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Is LPG-Propane Toxic? Can Propane Fumes Kill You? LPG Gas Leak Effects

LPG (Propane) is a colourless, odourless, non-toxic gas and is also referred to as natural gas liquids – NGL.

It is flammable, so it needs to be treated with respect.

However, overall LPG has an excellent safety record.

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LPG Gas Manufacturing Process: Where Do We Get LPG Gas From - How is LPG Gas Made

LPG is manufactured by refining crude oil or raw natural gas, being derived exclusively from fossil fuel sources. It is stripped from the wet natural gas stream during natural gas processing and is a co-product of refining crude oil.

Whilst liquid under pressure when released from pressure at ambient temperature, it is gaseous. It is stored and transported in LPG cylinders as a liquid under moderate pressure.

The gases produced in the LPG production process are mainly propane and butane, with small fractions of other NGL gases.

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POL Gas Fittings, POL Fitting, POL Valves Fittings, Cylinders & Gas Regulators

A POL gas fitting (POL fitting) is found on POL cylinders, POL valves, POL gas regulators and various POL connection fittings including hoses and adaptors. POL valve fittings are found on gas bottles ranging from small BBQ bottles to large commercial gas bottles.

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Butane vs Propane vs Isobutane - What is Butane?

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

Propane has a lower boiling point than butane at -42°C vs -0.4°C. Propane also has about 4x the vapour pressure of butane. This makes propane a better choice for cold climates whilst butane is a better choice for propellant use.

The big differences between butane vs propane are in the usable temperature range and the vapour pressure inside of the gas bottle. Propane can be used instead of butane in all fuel applications. Butane does not work as a fuel in a below freezing climate but butane is generally a better propellant, versus propane, due to its lower vapour pressure.

In other ways butane and propane are almost or exactly the same, such as energy content and many of their applications.

Discover the real difference between butane vs propane vs isobutane vs LPG. All three gases are consider to be LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas.

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How Does a Gas Water Heater Work? (How Instant Gas Geyser Works)

Tankless continuous flow through hot water heater systems are the most popular type of gas hot water heater. 

The reasons are simple -- they never run out of hot water and they are energy efficient. 

But how does a flow through hot water heater work (how instant gas geyser works)?

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History of Propane - LPG Gas

Who Discovered - Invented Gas & When

LPG cylinders are a common site, whether it be on a BBQ or the side of a house. 

But who discovered LPG (Propane) and how did it happen?

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Gas Installation: LPG Gas Bottle Location Regulations - LPG Gas Cylinder Installation Regulations - LPG Tank Siting Location Regulations - Home LPG Gas Bottle Installation

LPG gas bottle installation regulations specify location and clearances in the placement of gas bottles. Distances from ignition sources, wall openings and below ground spaces, such as drains or pits, are all specified. Gas bottles must be placed in well ventilated locations and on a solid base.

LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG installation regulations) for gas bottle installation summary:

  • Gas bottle installation upright and stable

  • Gas bottle installation in well ventilated space

  • Gas bottle installation should not be near wall openings

  • Keep gas bottle installation away from ignition sources and wearing non-static clothing

  • Keep gas bottle installation away from pits and drains

  • Upright and Stable

    • Gas bottle installation must be upright and on a solid base, like concrete or pavers not subject to the accumulation of water.  Keeping it upright assures that the pressure relief valve functions correctly.

  • Well Ventilated Space

    • LPG gas bottle location regulations specify gas bottle installations need to be in a well ventilated space. They can not be in an enclosure, alcove, under the building or under stairways, for gas bottle safety.

  • Not Near Wall Openings

    • Gas bottle installation cannot be close to building openings, including windows, doors and vents, to preclude possible entry and collection of gas in enclosed spaces, as per LPG gas bottle location regulations. They need to be at least 1 metre away from any openings.

  • Away from Ignition Sources and Wearing Non-Static Clothing

    • Gas bottle installation must be clear of ignition sources by either 1.5m or 3.5m for exchange and tanker fill, respectively.  This includes electrical switches, circuit breaker boxes, power points, air conditioners, NBN boxes, compressors, pumps, lights, movement sensors, bug zappers and all other electrical gear, as well as flames, like pilot lights or BBQs.

    • Workers should wear cotton clothing and use brass tools to minimise static electricity during gas bottle installation .

  • Away from Pits and Drains

    • LPG is heavier than air so, to avoid accumulation, gas bottle installation cannot be near pits, drains or other in-ground depressions.

See more details and diagrams below.

LPG gas cylinder installation regulations requires the proper clearance and placement of home LPG gas bottle installation as specified by LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank siting location regulations). LPG gas bottle location regulations (LPG tank regulations) specify locations and clearances from sources of igniton and wall openings for your home LPG gas bottle installation.

LPG gas bottle location regulations state that ignition sources clearance must be kept a minimum safe distance (1.5m or 3.5m) from the home LPG gas bottle installation.

It is very important that the gas installation positioning meets the applicable Australian Standards including the LPG gas bottle location regulations.

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Legionnaires Disease Hot Water Heater: Legionella Bacteria in Hot Water Heater Tanks

Legionnaires Disease Hot Water Heater [Legionella Bacteria in Hot Water Tanks] Temperature

To prevent the Legionnaires Disease bacteria from growing in your hot water tank, do not lower hot water tank temperature below 60°C (140°F). Legionnaires Disease is a respiratory disease caused by the Legionella bacteria inhaled during a shower. Electric water heaters have an increased hazard.

You can catch Legionnaires Disease from a hot water heater. Hot water heater tanks, shower heads, hot water taps and pipework can breed Legionella bacteria.

Electric water heaters are more susceptible to Legionella growth because of the ≈25°C lower temperatures at the tank bottom.

The growth of the bacteria in hot water tanks is highest between 25°C to 50°C. This is why you should never turn your electric or gas water heater below 60°C (140°F). This is based on the building code and scientific research.

You can catch Legionnaires Disease from inhaling hot water heater droplets. It breeds in warm stationary water between 25°C to 50°C, so don’t turn down a hot water heater, including solar boosters.

Catching Legionnaires disease from a hot water heater is a very serious condition, being a potentially fatal illness. Legionnaires disease bacteria can breed in hot water heater tanks if they are set below 60°C.

The good news is that Legionnaires Disease from hot water heaters is totally preventable.

You need to be informed to protect your family’s health…

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Is LPG Good for Cars - Does LPG Damage Engines? LPG vs Petrol Engine Life

An LPG car engine heats up quicker, even with a fully cold engine. This is advantageous, as petrol engines take longer to warm up and a fast warm up is better. High octane (+100) LPG has far less pre-ignition (knocking) and is cleaner running. Your engine will be smoother running with cleaner spark plugs, valves, pistons and cylinder heads.

If you are thinking about LPG vs petrol engine life and converting your car or SUV to run on LPG, you would typically have a lot of questions. You want to know is LPG good for cars or does LPG damage engines before deciding.

Let’s look at the facts about LPG vs petrol engine life so that you can make an informed decision…

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Can You Use a 9kg Gas Bottle Instead of a 45kg?

Often asked: “Can I use a small gas cylinder or bottle instead of a bigger one?”

Another common question is on the use of a 9kg gas bottle instead of a 45kg.

Yet other queries relates to using a 2kg, or other small gas bottle, instead of a 9kg on a standard size BBQ.

Let’s look at the potential issues of downsizing the gas bottle…

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