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What Does LPG Stand For? - Meaning of LPG

What Does LPG Stand For?  Liquefied Petroleum GasLPG is a fuel type category consisting of flammable hydrocarbon gases in liquid form when under pressure. LPG is the acronym abbreviation for 'liquefied petroleum gas' or ‘liquid petroleum gas’.

Liquefied Petroleum Gas is a low carbon fuel used for heating, cooking, vehicle fuel, industrial and agricultural applications.

LPG is produced during natural gas processing and petroleum refining and stored as a liquid, under pressure, meaning in gas cylinders or tanks.

Liquefied Petroleum Gas is the preferred meaning within the industry, as it signifies the need to take action for the gas to become a liquid.

But LPG also stands for many other terms...

What Does LPG Stand For: Other Terms for LPG

Whilst LPG stands for Liquefied Petroleum Gas, it also goes by a number of other names including Natural Gas Liquids - NGLs, condensate and the actual names of the individual gases that fall under the category of LPG - propane, butane and isobutane.

People also use more coloquial terms to describe LPG.

Some of the more common terms include LPG gas, bottled gas, BBQ gas and camping gas, so it can be quite confusing.

Which Gases are Present in LPG?

LPG is not just a single gas.  There are a number of gases that fall under the LPG category.

The most common of these include propane, butane (n-butane) and isobutane (i-butane), as well as mixtures of these gases.

Other gases that also fall under the “LPG” label, including ethane, ethylene, propylene, butylene and isobutylene, as well as mixtures of these gases.

LPG Terminology Can Depend on the Country

LPG is probably the most common term used worldwide. 

In Australia, it is frequently called "LPG gas".

In the USA it is just called Propane.

Propane is LPG but not all LPG is propane.

In the UK, it is referred to as either propane, butane or LPG, depending on what you choose.

In other countries, they call it "GPL" or "GLP" instead of "LPG", as the acronyms are based on different languages and different language syntax.

For example, in French it is "gaz de pétrole liquéfié" or in Spanish it is "gas licuado de petróleo".

LPG Abbreviation in Economics and Other Meanings

The LPG abbreviation in economics stands for Liberalization, Privatization, and Globalization, a new economic policy in India.  LPG endermologie is also a treatment for cellulite used worldwide.

LPG is also and acronym for "Low Price Guarantee", "Lowest Possible Gear", "Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass", "Lypophosphoglycan" and others.

Propane Abbreviation

The propane abbreviation could be one of two options.  LPG is used as a kind of propane abbreviation in many countries.

LPG is a direct abreviation of Liquefied Petroleum Gas, which is a group of gases that includes propane. The other propane abbreviation would be the chemical formula: C3H8.

What is LPG? Liquefied Petroleum Gas

LPG is liquefied petroleum gas stored under pressure in gas bottlesWhat is LPG?

LPG – Liquefied Petroleum Gas – describes flammable hydrocarbon gases including propane, butane and mixtures of these gases.

LPG, liquefied through pressurisation, comes from natural gas processing and oil refining.

LPG is used as heating, cooking and auto fuel.

In different countries, what is supplied can be propane, butane or propane-butane blends. 

In Australia, LPG is just propane. 

Is LPG Liquid or Gas? 

LPG exists in two different forms, liquid and gas (vapour)

The pressure and temperature at which it is stored determines which kind you have.

As a liquid, it is stored in a pressurised vessel.

It is typically used as a gas (vapour) but there are liquid applications, as well.

The two terms, vapour and gas, are used interchangeably by most people in reference to LPG.

Is LPG a Natural Gas Liquid - NGL?

NGL vs LNG vs LPG word cloudThe typical LPG gases – propane and butane – are regarded as Natural Gas Liquids - NGL.

However, not all NGLs are LPG.

Natural gas liquids, also called Condensate, include other hydrocarbons, too.

NGLs include isobutane, ethane, ethene, propene, isobutene, butadiene, pentane, pentene and pentanes plus, as well as propane and butane.

Amazingly, LNG – liquefied natural gas – is NOT a natural gas liquid.

LPG Forklift Meaning

The LPG forklift meaning refers to a forklift that is powered by LPG fuel. An LPG forklift has an internal combustion engine that uses LPG as its fuel. With the exception of the fuel system, it is virtiually identical to a petrol internal combustion engine.


LPG gas is probably the most common term used in Australia, even if it is bad grammar.

It’s like saying “ATM Machine”. 

If you expand the acronyms, you are literally saying “liquefied petroleum gas gas”, just like ATM is “automatic teller machine machine”.

It turns out there is actually a name for this. 

It's called RAS syndrome, which is short for "redundant acronym syndrome syndrome", which is also a great example of itself.

LP Gas

LP Gas is for people who can’t decide between acronyms and words. 

While technically correct, it just isn’t as popular as "LPG" or the erroneous “LPG Gas”. 


BBQ Gas is a very descriptive favourite in Australia based on the end use.

It is used to describe the gas supplied in 9kg and 4kg gas bottles that are used on BBQs.


Autogas is another end use based synonym. 

“Auto” combined with “gas” as one word gives you Autogas, which unsurpisingly refers to LPG that is used in LPG powered autos. 

It is commonly a blend of propane and butane but can be just propane.

Camping Gas

Camping Gas is, once again, a coloquial term based on the application.

Bottled Gas

In this case, the name is descriptive in reference to the container instead of the use, so we call it Bottled Gas

There are some variations of this where “bottle gas” and “bottles gas” are used, but they are much less common.


Many refer specifically to one of the constituent gases, such as propane.

In the USA, they commonly use "propane" and seldom use "LPG".

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

Liquefied Petroleum Gas is the full and precise term for the product. 

As previously mentioned, a slight variation on this is “Liquid Petroleum Gas”.

Being long and cumbersome, most people choose to use the acronym - LPG.





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The information in this article is derived from various sources and is believed to be correct at the time of publication. However, the information may not be error free and may not be applicable in all circumstances.